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Selected Reports Prepared by Milne Technologies

DFO (Canada Department of Fisheries and Oceans). 2015. Fish Exclusion Options for Aquatic Species at Risk for Drainage Activities in Little Bear Creek, Ontario. Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Science Response 2015/036.

Double-Crested Cormorant and Coastal Fish Monitoring and Assessment in the North Channel and Georgian Bay, Lake Huron: Field Methods, Site Descriptions and Analysis Information. Download Full Report

A methodology for estimating the abundance and spatial distribution of zooplankton in lakes using a high-frequency single-beam 710 kHz hydroacoustic system. Download Full Report.

Milne, S.W. 2015. 2015 Little Bear Creek multibeam bathymetry survey : field notes and data processing methodology. Prepared for Great Lakes Laboratory for Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, DFO.

SENES Consultants. 2014. Supporting Document 3 Aquatic Assessment for the Napanee Generating Station. Prepared for TransCanada.


Journal Articles

Cott, P.A., M.M. Guzzo, A.J. Chapelsky, S.W. Milne, and P.J. Blanchfield. 2015. Diel bank migration of Burbot (Lota lota). Hydrobiologia 757(1):3-20.

de Kerckhove D.T., S. Milne, B.J. Shuter and P.A. Abrams. 2015. Ideal gas model adequately describes movement and school formation in a pelagic freshwater fish. Behavioural Ecology 26(4):1236-1247

de Kerckhove D.T., S. Milne, and B.J. Shuter. 2015. Measuring fish school swimming speeds with two acoustic beams and determining the angle of the school detection. Fisheries Research 172:432-439

de Kerckhove D.T., B.J. Shuter, and S. Milne. 2016. Acoustically derived fish size-spectra within a lake and the statistical power to detect environmental change. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 73(4):565-574.

Dunlop, E.S., Milne, S.W., Ridgway, M.S, Condiotty, J., Higginbottom, I. 2010. In situ swimming behavior of lake trout observed using integrated multibeam acoustics and biotelemetry. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139:420-432.

Dunlop, E.S., Milne, S.W., Ridgway, M.S. 2010. Temporal trends in the numbers and characteristics of Lake Huron fish schools between 2000 and 2004. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:74-85.

Milne, S.W., Shuter, B.J., Sprules, W.G. 2005. The schooling and foraging ecology of lake herring (Coregonus artedii) in Lake Opeongo, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62:1210-1218. Abstract

J.A. Wilson, C.P. Gubala, S.W. Milne, J. Condiotty, P. Addison and W.G. Sprules. 2002. Real time, in situ verification of target strengths of individual lake trout using integrated multi- and split-beam hydroacoustics with biotelemetry. Communications from the ICES Symposium on Acoustics in Fisheries and Aquatic Ecology, Montpellier, France.

L.C. Mohr and S. Milne. 2001. The status of Lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) in Canadian waters of Lake Huron. Abstracts from the 44th Conference on Great Lakes Research, June 10-14, 2001. Great Lakes Science: Making it Relevant. p95.

Patrick, P.H., E. Chen, J. Powell, S. Milne and J. S. Poulton. 2014. Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station Fish Diversion System Barrier Net. North American Journal of Fish Management. 34:2, 87-300, DOI: 10.1080/02755947.2014.880765.

Petreman, I.C., N.E. Jones and S.W. Milne. Observer Bias and Subsampling Efficiencies of Fish Passage Estimations using Dual-Frequency Identification Sonar (DIDSON). Fisheries Research. 155:160–167

Strecker, A.L., S.W. Milne, M.J. Fortin, M.S. Ridgway, D.A. Jackson, P.A. Abrams, and B.J. Shuter. The scale of spatial structure in limnetic fish communities depends on trophic level. Limnology and Oceanography. In review.

We used a combination of suspended gill nets and hydroacoustics to investigate the schooling behaviour of lake herring (Coregonus artedi) in Lake Opeongo, Ontario, Canada. Lake herring form schools during the day but are dispersed at night and this change occurs at a light threshold of roughly 0.04 lx. Schools range in maximum linear dimension from 100 to 2300 cm with the majority under 1000 cm. The light threshold for school formation is well below that at which their principal predator, lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush), are able to detect prey. This suggests that schooling may provide advantages in addition to predator avoidance. We observed that lake herring stomachs were fuller during the day than at night, indicating that schooling herring forage more efficiently during the day than individual herring do at night. Furthermore, herring stomach fullness increased with school size, suggesting that schooling enhances foraging opportunities for individual members. We speculate that this is due either to social facilitation of feeding when herring are in the presence of conspecifics, or to corporate vigilance, or "many eyes", which allows individual fish to spend less time being alert to predators and more time feeding.

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